Progesterone level for embryo transfer

Progesterone level for embryo transfer

If there is one hormone that plays the most important role in your pregnancy, it is progesterone. Progesterone is a female reproductive hormone that helps women conceive and aid in the baby’s development till childbirth. 

If you wish to undergo IVF, your fertility doctor will definitely check your progesterone levels. You will also be administered several hormonal injections along with progesterone to increase your pregnancy success rate. 

So, why is progesterone so important in IVF pregnancy? What are the factors that can influence your progesterone levels? Let’s learn about all this in this article. 

Importance Of Progesterone Level For Embryo Transfer

Progesterone plays a significant role in embryo implantation and the healthy development of the baby, whether it is a natural pregnancy or IVF pregnancy. Below are some of the reasons why progesterone is important during your embryo transfer.

Progesterone helps thicken the endometrial lining

Your endometrial lining is one of the most common factors that determine the success or failure of your pregnancy. It is also one of the most common infertility issues.

During IVF, your doctor will give you progesterone medications. These medications will thicken your endometrium and prepare it for embryo implantation.

If the lining is not thick enough, the embryo won’t be able to implant properly, leading to IVF failure which can be identified by some of the symptoms. So, progesterone is important for embryo implantation and pregnancy.

Progesterone helps improve blood flow to the uterus

Progesterone can help relax blood vessels, thus improving blood flow to your reproductive organs. A good blood flow can help grow the uterine lining and can also provide the implanted embryo with the nutrients it needs to grow healthily.

As you can see, progesterone is required for both a successful embryo transfer and a successful pregnancy. The average progesterone level needed for pregnancy differs for each woman based on their condition.

Your fertility doctor will assess your condition and determine the dosage and duration of your fertility medications.

Factors That Can Influence Progesterone Levels

Progesterone is a hormone that is naturally produced by your body every month. During each menstrual cycle, your body will produce progesterone to prepare the endometrial lining for implantation.

If fertilization happens, your body will continue producing the hormone and support pregnancy. If there is no fertilization, the egg, and the endometrial tissue will be expelled during your periods. Your progesterone levels will also decrease.

Aside from the menstrual cycle, below are some other factors that can influence your progesterone levels and affect pregnancy.

Certain medical condition

Certain medical conditions like PCOS, ovarian dysfunctions, hormonal imbalance, tumors, etc., can affect progesterone secretion and affect menstrual cycle and fertility. 

Unhealthy lifestyle

Consuming unhealthy foods, smoking, drinking, and leading a sedentary lifestyle can affect your hormone levels and disrupt progesterone secretion.

Certain medications

Birth control pills, rings, patches, etc., are used to either prevent a pregnancy or to stimulate menstruation. All these can affect progesterone pregnancy and affect pregnancy chances.

Need For Consulting Your Doctor

Insufficient progesterone can severely affect your chances of success in your IVF treatments. It is necessary to check for progesterone and other hormone levels in your body before starting your IVF treatments.

If there are issues with your hormone levels, discuss this issue with your doctor and understand what you can do to improve the situation. Remember, your doctor knows your body best and can give you effective medications to improve your condition.


Progesterone is an essential hormone that plays a significant role in embryo implantation and a successful pregnancy. If you have any concerns regarding your hormone levels or other issues, don’t hesitate to contact your fertility doctor for clarification.

Your doctor and other staff in the fertility hospital will stay with you till the end and help you overcome your issue and get pregnant.


There is no definite progesterone level one should have for embryo transfer. The level varies for each woman. The average progesterone level a woman might need for a successful pregnancy is about 22–31 ng/ml

You need an average progesterone hormone level of 22–31 ng/ml to successful implant the embryo and get pregnant. However, this is just an average amount and the progesterone you might need differs according to your specific body condition.

During IVF, your doctor will give you progesterone medications. These medications will thicken your endometrium and prepare it for embryo implantation.

If the lining is not thick enough, the embryo won’t be able to implant properly, leading to IVF failure. So, progesterone is important for embryo implantation and pregnancy.

foods to increase endometrial thickness

Foods To Increase Endometrial Thickness

The thickness of your endometrium is one of the crucial factors that determine the success of your pregnancy, whether it is a natural pregnancy or through fertility treatments. 

Your endometrium ensures the embryo can implant safely into the uterine lining and develop healthily till childbirth. So, it is important to ensure you have a thick enough endometrium to ensure a successful pregnancy. 

In this article, we will look at some foods you can take to increase your endometrial thickness and ensure a healthy pregnancy. 

How To Increase Endometrial Thickness By Food?

As you can see, the thickness of your endometrium is very important during pregnancy. There are medications that you can take to increase your endometrial thickness.

However, if you wish to opt for natural alternatives to increase your endometrial thickness, here are some foods you can take for that.

Healthy Fats

Healthy fats, especially polyunsaturated fats, regulate hormones like estrogen and progesterone, both of which are important for endometrial growth during your menstrual cycles.

They also have anti-inflammatory properties and promote blood flow to your reproductive organs, thus increasing endometrial thickness.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are also known for their anti-inflammatory properties. Foods like salmon, sardines, mackerel, walnuts, flaxseeds, etc., are rich in omega-3 fatty acids that can promote blood flow to your body and stimulate healthy endometrial growth.

Iron-Rich Foods

Iron is a key component in the cellular process (cell division and growth) and the key component of hemoglobin, the protein that helps transfer oxygen to all body parts.

Though they do not directly impact endometrial thickness, the oxygen supply and cell growth can stimulate endometrial tissues to develop healthily. Foods like leafy vegetables, lean meats, beans, lentils, etc., are rich sources of iron that you can add to your diet.

Fruits And Vegetables

Fresh fruits and vegetables are always a good choice for maintaining a healthy body. For endometrial thickness, fruits high in L-citruline and L-arginine have been shown to give better results. 

These nutrients can convert into nitric oxide that can expand the blood vessels and improve blood flow to your reproductive organs, thus improving endometrial thickness. 

You can also add fruits and vegetables rich in iron, folate, fiber, and other nutrients. Some fruits and vegetables you can take are oranges, pomegranate, lemons, watermelon, and leafy greens like spinach and broccoli.

Whole Grains

Whole grains are rich in several essential nutrients, such as vitamin B, fiber, and magnesium. These nutrients help promote hormonal balance and blood circulation to the uterus.

Dairy Products

Consuming dairy products low in fat has been said to have some benefits to your endometrium. Dairy has a lot of calcium and vitamin D.

Calcium can improve bone health and stimulate cell growth, while Vitamin D has anti-inflammatory properties and creates a favorable environment for endometrial growth.


As you already know, proteins are the building blocks of your body, help tissues grow, and support hormone production. It is best to add plant-based protein to your diet, as animal proteins have the chance of containing saturated fats. 

Some examples of plant-based proteins are legumes, spinach, tofu, lentils, etc. these proteins can help grow endometrial tissues and maintain your reproductive health. 

Herbal Teas

Herbal teas have been mentioned by some people to improbe endometrial thickness. However, there is little scientific evidence to prove it. Always consult your fertility doctor before you are going to take any external supplements other than the ones your doctor prescribed.

What Is A Good Endometrial Thickness For IVF?

On average, an endometrial thickness of 7–12 mm is considered to be optimum for successful embryo implantation and IVF pregnancy. Here is the average thickness of a thin, average, and thick endometrium. 

Thin endometrium: If the endometrial thickness is less than 7 mm, it is a thin endometrium. The chances of pregnancy are very low with this thickness.

Optimal thickness: An endometrial thickness of 7–12 mm is considered good for implantation and pregnancy. 

Too thick endometrium: Having a too thick endometrium is also not good for pregnancy. An endometrium thicker than 12 mm can create an unfavorable environment for the embryo’s growth and development.


Whether you are trying to get pregnant naturally or you are undergoing IVF to get pregnant, know that your endometrial thickness is crucial for implantation and the pregnancy to last till childbirth.

Your fertility doctor will always check for your endometrial thickness if you are visiting them for IVF treatments. If you have a thin endometrium, listen and follow their instructions to bring your endometrium to optimal thickness.


There is no way to improve your endometrial thickness in a short time as 2 days. Endometrial growth is a gradual process and might take some 2 or 3 weeks to develop fully.

Here are some tips you can follow to increase your endometrial thickness naturally.

  • Follow a healthy diet with nutritious foods. 
  • Incorporate fresh fruits and vegetables into your diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Follow a healthy lifestyle

Walking does not have a direct impact on your endometrial thickness. However, physical activity can help improve blood flow and indirectly help with your endometrial thickness.

how to increase endometrial thickness for ivf

How To Increase Endometrial Thickness For IVF?

Have you been trying but failing to achieve a healthy pregnancy? And is your doctor saying this is caused by a thin endometrium? Then this article is for you. 

The endometrial thickness is a crucial factor in determining whether you can have a successful pregnancy. Your endometrium needs to be thick enough to cushion the embryo into its tissues and support its growth. 

In this article, we will discuss all you can do to ensure you have a thick endometrium while undergoing your IVF treatments. So, if your infertility issue is a thin endometrium, get ready. You are about to learn some interesting ways to tackle this issue. 

How To Increase Endometrial Thickness For IVF?

As you must already know, a thick endometrium ensures a successful pregnancy. Here are some methods you can follow to improve your endometrial thickness and increase its receptivity to the incoming embryo after embryo transfer.

Medical interventions

Suppose your doctor identifies a thin endometrium. In that case, he will suggest estrogen and progesterone supplements (oral pills, vaginal suppositories, or patches) to improve the condition and thicken your endometrium. 

During your menstrual cycle, estrogen and progesterone are the key players in thickening your endometrium for embryo implantation. If your body does not naturally produce the hormones, you can take supplements to support endometrial growth. 

Dietary changes

A healthy diet containing all the essential nutrients is crucial for a safe and healthy IVF pregnancy, whether you have a thin endometrium or not. Focus on maintaining a healthy diet and ensure you include lots of fiber, folate, L-citrulline, L-arginine, etc. 

Some foods you can eat for a thick endometrium are

  • Fresh fruits and vegetables (oranges, watermelon, lemons, pomegranate, leafy greens like spinach, broccoli, etc.)
  • Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids (salmon, mackerel, sardines, walnuts, flaxseeds, etc.)
  • Whole grains
  • Lean proteins
  • Avocados 
  • Nuts & seeds

Lifestyle changes

It is not just your endometrial thickness; an unhealthy lifestyle can affect your overall reproductive health by disrupting your hormone balance. So avoid harmful habits like smoking, alcohol, drugs, and eating fried or processed foods for a few months before and after your IVF treatments

Incorporate these healthy lifestyle modifications for better endometrium and reproductive health.

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat healthy foods rich in essential nutrients
  • Manage stress
  • Maintain a proper sleep schedule
  • Exercise regularly

What Is The Endometrium And Its Role In Pregnancy?

So, we have been talking about endometrial thickness and how it is important for pregnancy. But do you know what an endometrium is and what role it plays in pregnancy? Let’s find out.

The endometrium is the inner lining of the uterus. It is also called the uterine lining. During every menstrual cycle, your uterus will grow the endometrial lining.

If fertilization happens, the egg will implant into the lining to then grow into a healthy baby. If fertilization does not happen, the endometrial tissue along with the unfertilized egg, will be expelled during your periods.

If fertilization does happen, the fertilized egg will reach the uterus and implant into the endometrial lining. The endometrium needs to be thick enough so that it can serve as a cushion when the embryo buries deep into the lining.

The embryo also receives nutrition from the blood vessels in the endometrium. This makes having a thick enough endometrium a crucial factor in determining whether you can get pregnant and carry that pregnancy until childbirth.

What Is A Good Endometrial Thickness For IVF?

Generally, for IVF, fertility doctors consider an endometrial thickness of 7–12 mm to be optimum for successful embryo implantation and pregnancy. Below is a breakdown of what is considered the low, average, and maximum endometrial thickness. 

Thin endometrium: An endometrial thickness of less than 7 mm is considered a thin endometrium. The chances of pregnancy are very low at this stage.

Optimal thickness: An endometrial thickness of 7–12 mm is considered a good thickness for embryo implantation and pregnancy. 

Too thick endometrium: An endometrium over 12 mm thick can provide an unfavorable environment for the embryo to develop and grow healthily.


Remember, your endometrial thickness will differ based on several factors like your age, health, fertility conditions, etc.

So, discuss your optimum endometrial thickness with your fertility doctor, take measures to reach it, and then start your IVF treatments. This can ensure you have a higher chance of success in your IVF pregnancy.


Blood circulation is important to thicken your endometrial lining. So, yes, though walking won’t directly affect the endometrial lining, it can help thicken it by improving blood flow to the reproductive organs.

There is no way for you to increase endometrial thickness in 2 days naturally. It is a gradual process. Focus on a healthy diet and follow the measures your doctor recommends you to. This can help thicken your endometrium as days go by.

With the proper medication and lifestyle modifications, your endometrium can thicken gradually at a pace of 1–2 mm per week. If the conditions are better, your endometrium can reach optimum thickness in about three weeks. 

What happens after iui

What Happens After IUI?

Have you recently undergone an IUI procedure? Then, first, congratulations on completing the procedure and coming this far. You are just a few days away from having your happy pregnancy.

IUI (Intrauterine insemination) is an effective fertility treatment option that has helped many couples achieve their dream of parenthood. It is a minimally invasive procedure and is simpler and less complicated than IVF, making it a better choice for couples with minor infertility issues.

If you are in your 2-week waiting period after IUI and don’t know what to expect, this article can be helpful for you. In this article, we’ll discuss in-depth what you can expect and what will happen for a few days after IUI.

What Happens After IUI Day By Day

After the insemination procedure, where healthy sperm is injected into your uterus, your fertility doctor will ask you to wait for about 2 weeks (10–14 days) before taking a pregnancy test.

They would have said that these two weeks are to give your sperm and eggs time for fertilization and implantation. This is the general idea of what happens after insemination.

Now, let’s get into it deeper and understand what happens in your body each day after IUI insemination.

After 1–3 Days Of IUI Procedure

Let’s consider the day of insemination as Day 1. After this procedure, you might feel slight discomfort or abdominal cramps. This is natural and will disappear after some rest.

During these days, your sperm will travel to the fallopian tubes and fertilize the mature egg waiting there. After fertilization, the fertilized egg will move toward the uterus to implant into the uterine lining. Implantation will roughly happen around day 5 of insemination.

After 6 Days Of IUI Procedure

The embryo will implant and bury itself deeply into the uterine lining. You might feel some lower abdominal or pelvic pain during this period.

During implantation, the embryo might damage some minor blood vessels running through your uterus. This can also cause minor spotting or bleeding from your vagina. This is one of the most common symptoms of a positive pregnancy. Don’t confuse this bleeding with menstrual bleeding and panic.

Your body will also recognize the pregnancy and release hCH hormones into your bloodstream. These hormones are necessary to sustain your pregnancy and support the baby throughout pregnancy.

After 14 Days Of IUI Procedure

After 15 days, your blood will have enough hCG hormones to be recognized by a pregnancy test. You can take a urine pregnancy test at home, or you can visit your fertility doctor for a blood pregnancy test or ultrasound to confirm pregnancy.

You will also start experiencing certain pregnancy symptoms, which will get intense in the next few days.

After 15–28 Days Of IUI Procedure

After you have confirmed your pregnancy, you can discuss it with your doctor and take the necessary measures and precautions to protect the baby and carry it till childbirth.

You will also start getting some intense pregnancy symptoms, like, nausea, bloating, mood swings, vaginal discharge, cravings, aversions, etc. These symptoms will mostly last only till the first trimester. So bear with it and navigate your pregnancy smoothly without any complications.

How Long Does Implantation Take After IUI

After IUI, your egg will take around 5–6 days for implantation. After insemination, your sperm will travel to the fallopian tubes and fertilize the egg there. The fertilized egg then has to travel to the uterus and implant into the uterine lining.

This will take around 5–6 days to complete. The most common sign of implantation is implantation bleeding. This bleeding or spotting will be light pink or brown in color compared to the bright red menstrual blood. So, don’t confuse implantation bleeding with menstrual bleeding.


IUI is an effective procedure that can help you get pregnant and have your own baby. Though IUI has a higher success rate, it does not always result in a positive pregnancy.

So, don’t feel down or depressed if you get a negative result. You can discuss with your fertility doctor and understand the next step in your fertility treatments.

You can always go for another IUI cycle or opt for advanced fertility treatments like IVF, ICSI, etc. Your fertility doctor will ensure you have a baby in your arms when you end your fertility treatments. So, don’t worry and stay hopeful.


Here are some positive signs you can look forward to after an IUI procedure.

  • Implantation bleeding
  • Abdominal or pelvic cramps
  • Nausea & vomiting
  • Bloating
  • Mood swings
  • Changes in the vaginal discharge

After insemination, your sperm will travel to the fallopian tubes and fertilize the mature egg waiting there. The fertilized egg will move toward the uterus to implant into the uterine lining. Implantation will roughly happen around day 5 of insemination.

IUI is an effective fertility treatment that can help you become pregnant. However, if the procedure does not work for you, you can always opt for advanced fertility treatment options like IVF, ICSI, etc.

period after hysteroscopy

Period After Hysteroscopy

Have you recently undergone a hysteroscopy procedure? Then, one of the most common questions you might have is, “When will I have my period after hysteroscopy?”

Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed to diagnose and treat any abnormalities in the inner lining of your reproductive organs. It is a fairly simple procedure; however, you might be worried about whether it may affect your menstrual cycles.

So, in this article, we will look into this topic in depth and clear the air regarding the procedure’s effects on hysteroscopy.

Timing Of Period After Hysteroscopy

In general, a hysteroscopy has not been found to disrupt your regular menstrual cycle. The time when you will get your period after a hysteroscopy depends on which stage of the menstrual cycle you underwent the procedure.

If you did a hysteroscopy two weeks after your menstrual cycle, you might get your period 2 to 3 weeks after the procedure. If you did the procedure when you were nearing your scheduled menstrual date, you might get your period early. It all depends on how far along you are on your menstrual cycle.

Also, if you underwent a hysteroscopy to remove polyps or adhesions, you might experience some bleeding for a few days. This is not your menstrual blood but post-procedure blood. So, don’t worry about it.

Changes In Menstrual Flow

Sometimes, though there won’t be many changes in your menstrual cycle, there might be some changes in your period flow. Most women who have undergone hysteroscopy before have noted that they experienced changes in the flow of their period. 

Some had light periods, while some had heavy periods for the first month. They have also noted that their periods became normal from the second month. This is normal after a hysteroscopy. 

Note: If you experience irregular periods or heavy or light bleeding for consecutive months, consult your doctor immediately. 

Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle After Hysteroscopy

Though your menstrual cycle won’t be affected as much after a hysteroscopy procedure, there are still chances your menstrual cycle can be affected by certain factors that can cause a delayed, heavier, or lighter period. 

Hormonal Changes

The procedure can cause temporary hormonal fluctuations that can affect the rhythm of your menstrual cycle.


As you know, stress is one of the major factors affecting your menstrual cycle. During the procedure, you most probably will not be under sedation (unless it is a serious procedure). 

This can put physical and mental stress on your body, which can alter your menstrual cycle. 


Age does not directly impact your menstrual cycle after a hysteroscopy. It might be attributed to the fact that with age, your healing speed decreases, making you take more time to heal the wounds caused by the procedure. This can inadvertently affect when you will get your menstrual cycle.

Managing Menstrual Symptoms

The first period after your hysteroscopy procedure might be a little painful. However, here are some methods you can follow to relieve yourself of menstrual pain and other symptoms.

Pain Relief

You can always visit your nearest medical store and buy over-the-counter painkillers to relieve menstrual pain. However, it is best to consult your doctor before taking any medication. 

Comfort Measures

While menstrual cramps are generally a common and manageable part of many women’s monthly cycles, some might wonder if these cramps can cause infertilityA warm compress, drinking hot water, and other home remedies can help you relieve menstrual cramps and other symptoms.

Hydration And Diet

A healthy body ensures a quicker recovery. To recover quickly from menstrual symptoms, eat a healthy diet and stay hydrated.

When To Seek Medical Advice

It is important to seek medical advice if you encounter any of the following symptoms.

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Fever or night chills
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Digestive issues


Worry not. Your hysteroscopy procedure does not have much effect on your menstrual cycle or when you will get your period. It all depends on which stage of your menstrual cycle you underwent the procedure.

However, if you feel like your period is delayed or you are experiencing an irregular menstrual flow, it is best to consult your fertility doctor and get it checked. Additionally, if you are undergoing fertility treatments such as hysteroscopy IVF, discussing any concerns with your doctor is crucial to ensure the best possible outcome.

Frequently asked questions

No, a hysteroscopy does not affect your period. However, you might experience certain changes in your menstrual cycle during the first month. This is normal and nothing to worry about.

In general, a hysteroscopy has not been found to disrupt your regular menstrual cycle. The time when you will get your period after a hysteroscopy depends on which stage of the menstrual cycle you underwent the procedure.

It might take about 1 to 2 weeks for your uterus to heal after a hysteroscopy. You will be advised to avoid certain activities like intercourse, douching, or inserting anything into the uterus that can affect its healing process.

Hysteroscopy does not affect your menstrual flow that much. However, it is quite normal for you to experience slightly heavier or lighter bleeding than normal after your hysteroscopy procedure.

Difference Between Laparoscopy And Hysteroscopy

Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are two of the most common treatment procedures that you might have to undergo if you have any infertility problems.

If your doctor diagnoses any structural abnormalities in your reproductive system that cause infertility, they will suggest one of these surgeries to treat it.

In this article, we will look into the differences and overview of these two procedures, along with their benefits and risks. This can help you get a clear idea of what these procedures are and help you prepare better for them.

What Are The Differences Between Laparoscopy And Hysteroscopy?

Both these surgeries are similar in the way that they can help you diagnose and treat your infertility issues.

Below are some of the most common differences between laparoscopy and hysteroscopy.

Laparoscopy Hysteroscopy
Performed to view the exterior of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, & ovaries.
Performed to view the interior of the uterine cavity, fallopian tubes, cervix, and ovaries.
Small incisions are made on the abdomen to insert the laparoscope inside.
No incisions are required. It is a transvaginal procedure, more like a pap smear.
Performed to diagnose and treat any abnormalities in the exterior of the reproductive organs.
Performed to diagnose and treat abnormalities in the interior structures of the reproductive system.
Helps diagnose and treat conditions like uterine fibroids, endometriosis, blocked fallopian tubes, ectopic pregnancies, etc.
Helps diagnose and treat conditions like polyps, scarring, fibroids, abnormal uterine bleeding, congenital malformations, etc.
Minor surgeries can be done as an outpatient procedure. Major surgeries might need hospitalization for a few days.
It is often done as an outpatient procedure.
Carbon dioxide gas is pumped into your abdomen to better view and access the insides.
A saline liquid or CO2 gas is let into the uterine cavity to expand it and better view the insides.

Laparoscopy Procedure: How Is It Performed?

A laparoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure where your surgeon makes small incisions in your belly to operate on your body. 

A thin, long tube with a camera is inserted into one incision. Surgical instruments are inserted into other incisions. With the camera as a guide, your surgeon will conduct the laparoscopic surgery. 

Some surgeries that can be conducted laparoscopically are

  • Appendectomy
  • Cholecystectomy 
  • Hysterectomy 
  • Myomectomy
  • Cystectomy 
  • Oophorectomy 
  • Salpingostomy and salpingectomy 
  • Herniorrhaphy

Hysteroscopy Procedure: How Is It Performed?

A hysteroscopy is majorly used to identify any issues with the internal structure of your reproductive system. Here, your doctor will insert a hysteroscope into your vagina.

A liquid or gas will be emitted through the hysteroscope to expand the uterus. This will give a better view of your internal system. Your surgeon will then view and diagnose any issues with your internal system. Hysteroscopy can also be used to treat the issue. 

Some issues that can be diagnosed and treated through hysteroscopy are

  • Repeated miscarriages
  • Blocked fallopian tubes 
  • Irregular menstrual bleeding
  • Removal of intrauterine adhesions, septate uterus, etc
  • Myomectomy, polypectomy, etc.

Benefits Of Laparoscopic Surgery & Hysteroscopy Surgery

Both laparoscopy and hysteroscopy have their own merits. We need to understand which procedure will help us treat our condition better to choose which one to undergo. 

Below are some of the major benefits of laparoscopy and hysteroscopy.

Laparoscopy Hysteroscopy
A minimally invasive surgery that requires smaller incisions than most other open surgeries
Requires no incisions at all
Helps treat issues related to the abdominal or pelvic regions
Help treat issues related to the interior of your reproductive organs
Requires local anesthesia
Most times, the procedure can be done without anesthesia
Blood loss is often minimal in this procedure
Little to no blood loss in this procedure
Causes minimal pain, and the recovery is quick
Mostly, it only causes discomfort and very little pain. Recovery is very quick
Scarring is minimal due to small incisions
No incisions are made. So there will be no scarring
No need to be hospitalized unless it is a major surgery
Most times, it is done as an outpatient procedure. No need for hospitalization.

What Are The Risks Of Laparoscopy And Hysteroscopy?

Although both laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are good procedures and less complicated than most other procedures, there are certain risks associated with them. These risks are not for all women and will depend on each person’s body and health conditions.

Laparoscopy Hysteroscopy
Discomfort in the peritoneal cavity after surgery
Discomfort in the uterine cavity after surgery
Risks of blood loss and scarring
Possible scarring or wounding of the vaginal tract
Possible injury to the abdominal wall during surgery
Possible injury to the uterine wall during surgery
Discomfort due to enlarged belly during surgery
Discomfort due to the saline liquid or CO2 gas injected into the uterine cavity

Most of these risks are minimal and will disappear in a few days. If you have any long-term issues, immediately visit your surgeon. 


Both laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are excellent procedures that can help you diagnose your issues and treat them accordingly. Both these procedures are safe and effective in helping you overcome your infertility issues.

If you have any doubts regarding which procedure you should undergo for your specific ailment, consult your fertility doctor immediately. They can help you identify your issue and use the appropriate surgical method to overcome it.

Frequently asked questions

Both surgeries are effective procedures and can help you treat different kinds of ailments. To know which procedure will best suit your condition, consult a surgeon.

Both these surgeries are usually done separately. However, if any issue is found during one surgery that can be treated by the other surgical method, both surgeries can be done simultaneously to treat the problem.

In cases where you have any infertility or uterine problems like abnormal uterine bleeding, pelvic pain, repeated miscarriages, etc., your fertility doctor will recommend a hysteroscopy to diagnose the issue.

is test tube baby procedure painful

Is test tube baby procedure painful

Test tube baby procedure or in vitro fertilization (IVF) process is a boon to many infertile couples around the world.

As with any medical procedure pain is also one of the possibilities of the IVF process. Yet pain is also a subjective experience for anyone undergoing IVF. For some injections scare the most and for some the medications do.

Instead of calling the test tube baby procedure painful, you can call it discomforting at times if speaking subjectively.

Pain During Test Tube Baby Procedure

With the sweet hope of having a baby at hand, many mothers consider the discomfort associated with IVF to be insignificant.

However, even when the pain of the IVF process is subjective it is essential to be aware of the discomfort associated with the process to manage the sensations better while undergoing the process.


Pain During Ovarian Stimulation Stage

During the ovarian stimulation phase, hormonal injections are prescribed to be administered almost every day until the period of ovulation.

These hormonal injections can be self-administered and cause a slight pinch-like sensation. If you are afraid of needles, you may feel hesitant toward these hormone shots.

Other than that, you will encounter hormonal fluctuations because of the hormone shots. Hormone level changes do not cause pain directly. They may cause some mild side effects such as bloating or nausea which can be countered through doctors’ help.

Pain During the Egg Retrieval Stage

While the eggs are retrieved you will be sedated mostly intravenously. You will not feel much pain during the retrieval process.

Mild cramping may accompany after the eggs are retrieved. These cramps are manageable with some rest or other relaxing techniques.

Pain During Embryo Transfer Stage

You do not have to worry about the embryo stage at all. The embryos are placed in the uterine cavity with no incisions required.

A small catheter is let into the uterus through the cervix of the vagina to transfer the embryos.

This stage may be followed by mild cramping and a little rest will heal the discomfort.

Emotional Pain Matters As Well

While talking about pain associated with test tube baby procedures both physical and mental pain have to be talked about. Mental or emotional pain matters as much as physical pain. Half of the battle is won in the mind while choosing to undergo the IVF process.

You choose to undergo IVF while knowing all the possibilities of pain present through and at the end of the process. You may or may not have a baby at the end of the process. But the hope of a baby that IVF promises sure outweighs all the pain, both physical and mental you can undergo.


You need all possible support when you undergo IVF.

First, you need yourself to support you, then your partner, family, friends, and above all your fertility specialist. You can always communicate to your fertility doctor about the fear of the pain you anticipate during the process.

Remember the result of a baby in your arms and your pains will be more than bearable.

Stay strong. IVF has got hope!

Why Choose Me?

You are not alone if you are frightened of taking up the test tube baby procedure. Many women raise this concern as much as they are passionate about having a baby through any means. As IVF Doctor I can understand this case of worry too well and we ensure that our patients get all kinds of required emotional support as they undergo their IVF journey.

We make sure that our patients feel comfortable in expressing their fears and anxiety as they embark on the IVF journey, and educate them regarding what the journey will hold and how we will help them through the phases of the journey.

Prioritizing the concerns of our patients has been a part and parcel of our service for decades and we are testaments for ministering unto thousands of couples facing the trouble of infertility and turning their dream of having a baby on their own into a reality.

Experience a safe, supportive, and healthy IVF journey with us.


You have to prepare both your body and mind for the IVF process. Eat fertility-enhancing foods, get proper sleep, stay hydrated, and abstain from alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine-based products. Also, surround yourself with positive vibes to stay away from stress.

You can continue with your normal activities after IVF. You need not take complete bed rest. But do not involve yourself in strenuous activities.


You will be asked to take medications if required upon consultation with your fertility specialist. Medications such as progesterone are prescribed after embryo transfer to ensure the implantation of the embryo.

4 failed iui now what

4 Failed IUI Now What

Are you tired of failing IUI repeatedly and thinking of giving up? Then this article is for you.

IUI is an assisted reproductive technology that has proven to have a high success rate in couples with minor infertility issues. However, sometimes, no matter how many times you try, IUI won’t be able to give you the desired results.

What do you do in such cases? Should you give up, or are there any other treatment methods you can opt for to become pregnant? Let’s discuss all these in this article.

After 4 Failed IUIs, What’s Next?

Failing once or twice in your IUI won’t affect you that much. However, failing 4 times repeatedly can take a toll on you, both physically and emotionally.

Most times, your fertility doctor will not allow IUI to fail more than once or twice. Your IUI success rate will also increase as the number of cycles increases.

This is because, after the first IUI failure, your fertility doctor will assess your condition and diagnose the root cause of the failure. This will help you avoid those issues and increase your success rate in future cycles.

However, if IUI doesn’t work for you, no matter how many cycles you undergo, it is best to look for other advanced treatment options like IVF, ICSI, etc.

Unlike IUI, where the sperm is injected into the uterus, and you have no surety that fertilization will happen, IVF and ICSI assure fertilization and quality embryos.

So, if you feel like IUI is no longer the right choice in your fertility journey, you can discuss it with your fertility doctor and choose the best alternative treatment option for you.

How Many IUIs Should You Try Before Moving On?

Your doctor will mostly recommend IUI if you or your partner have any infertility issues that make it difficult for you to achieve a natural pregnancy.

In such cases, you might have to undergo more than one IUI cycle to become pregnant successfully. So, how many cycles should you try before giving up and looking for other fertility treatment methods?

On average, your fertility doctor will recommend you try at least 3–6 IUI cycles before choosing an alternate method.

Alternative Treatment Options

Is IUI not working for you, no matter how many times you try? Don’t worry; even if IUI does not work for you, there are alternate treatment options you can go for to achieve pregnancy. Let’s discuss those methods one by one below. 

IVF (In vitro fertilization)

IVF is a revolutionary fertility treatment method that has given hope to millions of individuals and couples around the world. In IVF, the egg and sperm are collected from the partners, and the fertilization happens in a laboratory under the supervision of an embryologist. 

This method ensures that fertilization happens and only the best-quality eggs are transferred into the uterus for implantation. This can significantly increase success rates

ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection)

ICSI differs from IVF only in the fertilization method. In IVF, the eggs and sperm are left in a lab dish overnight, and the sperm swims to the egg for fertilization. 

In an ICSI, however, a single, high-quality sperm is injected directly into a high-quality egg. This ensures that the resulting embryo is of high quality and increases the chances of pregnancy even more. 

Donor egg, sperm, or embryo

In cases where you or your partner have low-quality eggs or sperm, you can choose to use a donor egg or sperm in your place for fertilization. The egg or sperm will be collected from only highly fertile and healthy individuals. So, couples need not worry about the quality of the embryo. 

In cases where both partners have severe infertility issues, the couple can choose to use a donor embryo to achieve pregnancy. 


It is normal for you to feel stressed after repeated IUI failures. However, you don’t need to worry about it too much. There is still hope for you to get pregnant and have your own baby successfully.

Even if IUI does not work for you, you can opt for the other fertility treatment options we discussed above. Discuss this with your fertility specialist and choose the fertility treatment method that works best for you and your fertility condition.


After an IUI failure, your doctor will analyze and try to understand the cause of the failure. You will also feel tired after the procedure. You can take adequate rest, recover, and try IUI again after a few months.

According to studies, during each IUI cycle, your success rate will increase by 5–10 %. So, if you have a 25% success rate during your first cycle, you will have a 30–35% success rate in your second IUI cycle.

On average, it takes most couples at least two or three IUI cycles to successfully get pregnant. The success rate during the first IUI cycle will be around 20–25%. Your success rate will increase as the number of IUI cycles increases.

Is Unwanted 72 Harmful For Future Pregnancy

Unwanted 72 side Effects in Future Pregnancy

Women and men alike have many contraceptive options to use when they don’t want to have a baby. Unwanted 72 is one such contraceptive that can be a great option for women who have unprotected sex and do not want to get pregnant.

The main concern most women have regarding this pill is whether it will cause infertility and affect future pregnancies. In this article, we’ll look into what the pill is, how it works, and if it has any effects on your fertility.

Is Unwanted 72 Harmful for Future Pregnancy

Unwanted 72 is an emergency contraceptive that doesn’t affect long-term fertility. It’s safe for occasional use but shouldn’t replace regular contraception.

Does it Affect Fertility?

No, taking Unwanted 72 does not affect your fertility or your ability to get pregnant in the future. The pill only delays ovulation and prevents fertilization. You can start getting your period as usual and can try for pregnancy once you stop taking the pill.

However, this pill is not suitable to take on a regular basis as it can cause some other minor side effects like headache, cramps, nausea, breast tenderness, etc.

When Will Your Periods Come After Taking Unwanted 72?

This might be your most important question if you are taking Unwanted 72 pills to prevent pregnancy. When will I have my period after taking the pills?

You will generally have your period around 1 week after taking the pill. The day might vary by one or two days if you take the pill when you are closer to the date you regularly get your periods.

The pill can sometimes affect your hormonal balance, disrupt your natural menstrual cycle, and cause delays in periods. If your period is delayed by a long period, take a pregnancy test or consult a doctor to check for any complications.

Uses and Benefits of Unwanted 72 Pill

An Unwanted 72 pill is usually recommended when you need an emergency contraceptive after unprotected sexual intercourse. Below are some uses and benefits you can get from using it.

1. It is convenient

It is a convenient and affordable option for people who have unprotected sex and need to prevent chances of pregnancy.

2. It has lower risks

Unwanted reduces the risks of unwanted pregnancies and is more effective than some other contraceptives.

3. Timely aid

When taken during the right time (within 24–72 hours of intercourse), Unwanted 72 can provide you with timely aid and help prevent pregnancy.

Infertility Due to Birth Control Pills

This is one of the main concerns most women have when they take birth control pills. They fear whether these pills will affect their fertility in the future.

To put it in simple words, NO. Birth control pills do not cause infertility. They are only responsible for delaying ovulation and thickening cervical mucus to prevent the sperm from reaching the egg for fertilization.

The effects of the pill usually leave the body within a couple of days or weeks after taking them. Your body will return to normal, and you can try for pregnancy once you get your period.

Studies have proven that women who take birth control pills have as much chance of getting pregnant as women who have never taken the pill once they stop taking them.

So, if you can’t get pregnant after discontinuing birth control pills, it might be because you have other underlying issues. Visit a Fertility Doctor, find out the cause of infertility, and take the necessary treatments.

What is the Purpose of an Unwanted 72 pill?

Also called “the morning-after pill,” the unwanted 72 is a contraceptive pill that helps prevent pregnancy when you have unprotected sex or your contraceptive fails. It is a single-dose pill that contains Levonorgestrel, a synthetic progestin hormone that helps inhibit Ovulation or fertilization.

You should take this pill within 24–72 hours (1–3 days) of unprotected sex to take effect and prevent pregnancy. The sooner you take it, the better it will prevent pregnancy.


As a whole, Unwanted 72 pills are not harmful to your body and can be taken to prevent pregnancy. However, each woman’s body is different, and you might be more sensitive to the pill than other women. It is best to consult a healthcare professional before taking these contraceptive pills.


No, birth control pills do not affect your fertility or your ability to get pregnant in the future. These pills delay ovulation and prevent the sperm from fertilizing the egg. Its effects leave the body about two weeks after taking the pill. You can try for pregnancy after that.

Some women may experience nausea, vomiting, lower stomach pain, fatigue, headache, diarrhea, dizziness, and uterine bleeding. The majority of Unwanted-72 Tablet’s effects fade over time. However, if the side effects persist, consult your doctor.

Unwanted 72 is a single-dose pill and will work if you take it once. However, if you suspect the pill did not work, you can take it again 12 hours after the first dose. Consult a doctor before taking it the second time to avoid any complications.

Any woman or girl of reproductive age may require emergency contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancies. There are no absolute medical reasons to avoid using emergency contraception. There are no age restrictions for using an Unwanted 72 pill.

7 Unsuccessful Implantation Symptoms of Fertilized Egg

7 Unsuccessful Implantation Symptoms of Fertilized Egg

We understand how hard you have tried to finally get an IVF treatment and reach the embryo transfer stage.

IVF, as a whole, is physically and emotionally draining. The two-week wait between embryo transfer and pregnancy results will be even more stressful.

It is natural for you to expect a positive result. But, sometimes, your IVF cycle might result in failed implantation.

But how do you know if the embryo transfer was successful or not? There are some symptoms that will help you identify your pregnancy results and take necessary actions.

In this article, we’ll see unsuccessful Implantation Symptoms and its causes so you can avoid them in your next IVF cycle.

7 Failed Implantation Symptoms of Fertilized Egg

Below are 7 Main unsuccessful implantation symptoms that you might have to look for after an embryo transfer.

Vaginal bleeding and stomach pain

Your menstrual cycle, accompanied by stomach pain, is one of the most obvious symptoms of failed implantation.

When your embryo fails to implant in the uterine wall, you start getting the same symptoms you get during your periods: cramps, nausea, headache, tender breasts, pain in the lower back, mood swings, etc.

These symptoms appear about 15 days after embryo transfer, followed by menstrual bleeding.

You should be aware not to confuse this bleeding with implantation bleeding. Implantation bleeding will be more brownish or blackish and occurs when the embryo implants in the uterus.

On the other hand, the vaginal bleeding you get due to failed implantation will be lighter and last shorter than your regular period. In some cases they don’t have periods even after a month. But this is because of harmonial changes occurs in thier body due to medications.

Note: Vaginal bleeding can also be a symptom of ectopic pregnancy. It is better to consult a Fertility doctor if you feel any abdominal and pelvic pain or, in some cases, shoulder pain.

Negative pregnancy test result

Testing negative in the pregnancy test is a surefire way to know that your IVF cycle was unsuccessful. You should know that some of the symptoms we saw in vaginal bleeding may also result in successful pregnancy.

So, taking a pregnancy test is the best way to determine whether you are pregnant or not.

Pregnancy tests detect the HCG hormone levels that are secreted only when someone is pregnant. This can be done through urine tests (usually when you do the test at home) or blood tests (when you do the test in the hospital.)

Wait for about 2 weeks after embryo transfer to do your pregnancy test. Testing too early might give you negative results.

If you get negative results after 2 weeks of embryo transfer, then it is likely unsuccessful IVF.

Lack of activity during an ultrasound

If you are still unsure, you can visit your fertility doctor and opt to take an ultrasound scan. Some symptoms in ultrasound can also be signs of failed implantation.

Chemical pregnancy

A chemical pregnancy occurs when the embryo that has successfully implanted in the uterus stops developing further. This usually occurs within the first five weeks of pregnancy.

This can result in a positive pregnancy test, and you might not even know until you do an ultrasound.

Missed miscarriage

A missed miscarriage, also called silent miscarriage or missed abortion, occurs when you have a miscarriage, but your body doesn’t recognize it and expel the pregnancy tissue in the uterus.

This condition is very rare, and you may not even know it until you do an ultrasound scan. While Facing these types of abortion it is recommended to not to have sex unless you feel that you are normal after the physical stress of abortion.

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy happens when the embryo starts developing outside the uterus (mostly in the fallopian tubes). This is one of the major risks of IVF pregnancies.

If it is not detected and treated early, it can cause the fallopian tube to rupture. This is a severe condition and may cause acute pain and severe bleeding.

You will still be tested positive in pregnancy tests if you have an ectopic pregnancy. So, take an ultrasound scan if you experience severe abdominal or shoulder pain.

Note: Regardless of what results you get during your pregnancy test, it is always better to take an ultrasound scan to avoid the above complications.

Absence of pregnancy symptoms

Another obvious symptom of failed implantation is the absence of obvious pregnancy symptoms like nausea, abdominal cramping, light bleeding or spotting, missed periods, etc.

It is important to note that all women experience pregnancy differently, and the presence or absence of these symptoms do not affect your pregnancy results.

causes of Unsuccessful Implantation

Implantation failure can be due to various reasons. You can’t save a failed IVF pregnancy. But you can understand why it failed and try to avoid those conditions during your future cycles.

Here are some major causes why your embryo failed to implant in the uterus.

Hormonal imbalances

Your hormones, especially progesterone and estrogen, are critical in regulating menstrual cycles and preparing your uterus for implantation. Any imbalances in their levels can disrupt their function and make it less favorable for embryo implantation.

Health conditions such as thyroid disorders, PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome), and hyperprolactinemia can affect hormonal balance and prevent implantation.

Uterine and tubal abnormalities

Your embryo might be in its best state, but if the uterine environment is not good enough to receive and nurture it, it will result in failed implantation.

Certain uterine or tubal factors, like uterine fibroids, scar tissues, adhesions, hydrosalpinges, endometrial polyps, endometriosis, etc., can result in recurrent implantation failure (RIF).

RIF is when a woman experiences at least three IVF failures, even with good-quality embryos.

These abnormalities can prevent the embryo from attaching to the uterus or disrupt the blood flow to the uterus. Either way, they result in failed implantation.

Chromosomal or genetic issues

Chromosomal or genetic abnormalities in the embryo may hinder it from implanting in the uterus. This condition occurs during both IVF and natural pregnancies.

This condition is more common in couples who are above 40 since there is a high chance their egg and sperm have chromosomal issues. It may also occur in couples who already have genetic issues.

Couples can opt for Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) to avoid these circumstances.

Lifestyle factors

Unhealthy lifestyle factors, such as smoking, alcohol, underweight, obesity, and stress, can affect your chances of successful implantation.

Women who smoke have been found to need twice as many IVF cycles as those who don’t. Fertility doctors usually recommend women quit smoking at least three months before IVF treatments.

Obesity and underweight also negatively impact the implantation rate. Reducing your weight by about 5–10% can improve your implantation success.


Learning the symptoms and the causes of failed implantations can help you overcome them and take the necessary steps to avoid them in future IVF cycles.

You can start by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and seeking your doctor’s support while you navigate your IVF journey.

Know that parenthood is your ultimate goal, and it is definitely worth it to make some minor life changes.

Frequently asked questions

If the eggs don’t implant into the uterine lining, they can’t get sufficient blood for further growth. They stop growing and are expelled from the uterus along with the endometrium. This results in menstrual bleeding in women.

In cases where the embryo doesn’t implant in the uterine lining, menstruation starts 10–14 days after the embryo transfer. You can consult your fertility doctor if this happens and identify what went wrong.

It has been found that the presence of autoimmune disorders and antibodies in the mother’s blood can reject the embryo, causing implantation failure, recurrent miscarriages, delayed fetal growth, and intrauterine fetal demise.

The days following an embryo transfer are very important. It will be better to take a few days off work to rest in bed. It may take a few days for an embryo to successfully implant, so taking it easy and having sufficient rest can help with the process.

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