Breast Pain After Embryo Transfer

Breast Pain After Embryo Transfer

Have you recently undergone an embryo transfer? Then, you must be starting to experience a number of symptoms right now.

During your IVF treatments, your doctor would have notified you regarding the symptoms you might experience after the embryo transfer procedrue. Some may indicate a positive IVF, and others may indicate a failed IVF.

However, there are some symptoms that are not definitely a sign of a positive pregnancy. One such symptom is breast pain after embryo transfer.

So, is it normal for you to get breast pain after embryo transfer? What are the causes and managing techniques of breast pain after embryo transfer? Let’s look at all these in this article.

Is Breast Pain Normal After Embryo Transfer?

To answer your question, yes, breast pain is normal after embryo transfer. According to research conducted in 2018, almost 47% of women undergoing IVF reported mild breast tenderness or pain after embryo transfer. So, this is nothing to worry about.

Breast pain is also one of the most common early pregnancy signs. So, if you have breast pain after embryo transfer, it might be a sign of positive IVF. However, it can also be caused by hormonal changes due to hormonal injections. So, it does not always indicate a pregnancy.

Causes Of Breast Pain After Embryo Transfer

Breast pain is a common symptom you might experience during IVF treatments. Below are some of the most common causes of breast pain after embryo transfer.

Hormonal Changes

After embryo implantation, your body will start producing the pregnancy hormones (hCG, estrogen, & progesterone hormone level) into your body to sustain the pregnancy and aid with baby development.

These hormones can affect your breasts and can cause breast pain and tenderness.

Medication Side Effects

The hormonal medications you take during the IVF cycle can also affect your breast. These medications are administered to produce more mature eggs, improve uterine lining, and improve your chances of pregnancy. However, they can also cause minor side effects like breast pain and other symptoms.

Symptoms And Duration

Remember, when we say breast pain, it does not always mean you will literally have pain in your breasts. You might also feel certain symptoms, like

  • A tingling sensation in your breasts,
  • Tenderness and swelling,
  • Increased sensitivity,
  • Darkening of areolas, or
  • A tingling sensation. 

All these symptoms are associated with breast pain after embryo transfer. 

When it comes to the duration of this symptom, it generally varies from person to person depending on their hormone level, body condition, and the cause of breast pain. 

If the pain was caused by pregnancy, there are chances of having breast pain and other symptoms about a week after embryo transfer, and it generally lasts till the end of your first trimester. 

If it was caused by your hormonal medications, the duration and intensity of breast pain depend on the dosage and how long you take the medication. This pain usually subsides after a few days. 

It can be difficult for you to determine the cause of breast pain. It is best to consult your fertility doctor in case of any issues.

Managing Breast Pain After Embryo Transfer

Below are some effective measures you can take to manage breast pain after embryo transfer.

  • Wear supportive bras that provide gentle compression and do not press too hard on your breasts.
  • Apply cold or warm compressions (test and see which helps you manage breast pain) at regular intervals if you feel pain.
  • Get some rest and avoid doing strenuous activities. 
  • Gently massage your breasts with essential oils to soothe your pain. 
  • Consult your doctor and take over-the-counter pain medications if the pain does not subside. 

When To Seek Medical Advice

Breast pain after embryo transfer is normal and usually nothing to worry about. However, if the pain is severe and persistent, it is best to visit your fertility doctor and get some medical advice. It is best to identify early if you have certain complications that are causing breast pain. 


Remember, you will always experience certain symptoms during and after your IVF treatments. The main issue remains in identifying the cause of those symptoms.

Don’t always worry that these symptoms are negative. They might be positive, too, sometimes. So, be positive and always hope for the best outcome.


Below are some positive signs after embryo transfer.

  • Implantation bleeding
  • Tender or sore breasts
  • Fatigue
  • Increase basal body temperature (BBT)
  • Changes in vaginal discharge

After about 5 days after embryo transfer, you might start feeling certain symptoms like implantation bleeding, mild abdominal cramps, breast tenderness, etc.

After embryo transfer, it is normal for you to experience certain pains like breast pain and abdominal and pelvic pain.

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10 Days After Embryo Transfer Symptoms

10 Days After Embryo Transfer Symptoms

Hurrah! You have successfully completed your IVF procedure. First, congratulations on that. 

Now that you have undergone your embryo transfer, the next step is to know whether your IVF cycle was successful or not. Your doctor would have advised you not to take a pregnancy test for 2 weeks after the procedure, and for good reason. 

However, even if you don’t take a pregnancy test, here are some positive symptoms you might experience about 10 days after embryo transfer. This might give you a guess on whether the procedure was successful or not. 

Common Symptoms At 10 Days After Embryo Transfer

After about a week after embryo transfer, it is normal for you to experience certain symptoms. These symptoms might either signify a positive or a negative pregnancy. You won’t know until you take a pregnancy test. 

Here are some common symptoms that you may experience about 10 days after embryo transfer. 

Implantation Bleeding

After about a week after embryo transfer, you might experience slight bleeding or spotting from your vagina. It is normal for you to fear that it is menstrual and worry if your IVF cycle fails. 

But don’t worry. It is not menstrual bleeding but implantation bleeding. This bleeding happens when the embryo implants into the uterine lining. It might rupture some blood vessels during implantation, which causes the bleeding. 

Below are the characteristics of implantation bleeding.

  • Implantation bleeding will only appear as slight spotting and will disappear within a few days. 
  • Unlike menstrual bleeding, which is bright red in color, implantation bleeding will be light pink or brown in color. 


Along with implantation bleeding, you might also experience some mild abdominal and pelvic cramping. During embryo implantation, the embryo will settle deep into the uterine lining. This can put some pressure on your pelvic regions, causing cramps. 

Cramps can also be caused by the progesterone medications administered during IVF treatments. These medications are often used to support the uterine lining and maintain a high progesterone level, which is crucial for a successful pregnancy. So, this may not be a definite sign of pregnancy.

Breast Tenderness

Sometimes, pregnant women will experience sore or tender breasts. This is caused due to the sudden hormonal changes after a successful implantation. This, again, can also be caused due to the hormonal injections administered during IVF. So, this may not be a definite sign of pregnancy. 


It is normal for pregnant women to always feel tired and fatigued. This is, again, the work of hormones. The sudden hormone surge that happens in your body due to pregnancy can cause fatigue. 

However, it can also be the work of progesterone medications you take. So, you can only know if it is a pregnancy symptom when you take a pregnancy test after 2 weeks. 


If there is one symptom that most people associate with pregnancy, it is nausea. Morning sickness is synonymous with pregnancy, and it is experienced by most pregnant women. 

This symptom is mostly normal and will reduce after the first trimester. However, if you have recurrent nausea, it is best to consult your fertility doctor.

Less Common Symptoms At 10 Days After Embryo Transfer

The above symptoms are some of the most common ones that you might experience after an embryo transfer. Below are some less common symptoms that you may or may not experience 10 days after an embryo transfer. 


Headaches are not a common symptom of pregnancy. If you have a headache, it might be because of the hormonal changes that happen in your body. See if the headache reduces after some time. Suppose it does not, consult your doctor and take a painkiller. 

Mood Swings

Though less common, mood swings after not that rare in pregnancy. This is mainly the cause of the hormonal changes that goes on in your body after implantation. It can also be caused by the hormonal injections, so they are not a definite sign of pregnancy. 


You can also have bloating sometimes after embryo transfer. Bloating is often the cause of progesterone hormone, which can slow down digestion and cause bloating. 

It can be a sign of pregnancy symptoms or can also be caused due to hormonal injections. 


Most of the symptoms we discussed above are normal and will disappear after a few days. However, if the symptoms stay for longer or get intense as days go by, it is best to visit your fertility doctor and get a diagnosis. 

Your body will also be weak after the embryo transfer procedure. So, don’t stress too much and consult your doctor if the symptoms worsen.


After an embryo transfer, it will take about two weeks for your body to produce enough hCG hormones that would be detected in a pregnancy tets, so, it is best to wait for at least 2 weeks (10–14 days) before you take a pregnancy test. 

After an embryo transfer, you might experience certain symptoms if you had a positive IVF treatment. 

  • Implantation bleeding
  • Cramping
  • Tender breasts
  • Mood swings
  • Fatigue
  • Bloating

Even though you have good embryos, sometimes, factors like your age, infertility issue, or any other existing health issue can cause IVF failure. 

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Pregnancy Symptoms After HCG Injection

Pregnancy Symptoms After HCG Injection

There are many fertility treatments that you can undergo if you have trouble getting pregnant naturally. The most preferred methods are IUI, IVF, and ICSI. But they are done when either you or your partner have infertility issues.

But did you know that there is another method? hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) injection is also one such fertility treatment that can help you get pregnant.

The hCG hormone stimulates the ovaries to produce progesterone, which then stimulates the ovaries to produce mature eggs. You might have trouble ovulating if you have low levels of hCG in your body.

In this article, we’ll discuss all about hCG, what role it plays in pregnancy, and if you should consider taking it to become pregnant.

HCG and Pregnancy

hCG is the hormone that the body releases during pregnancy. When you take a pregnancy test, the kit measures the amount of hCG hormones in your urine to determine the result.

When the embryo implants in the uterus, your body releases high levels of hCG hormones within 2 weeks. These hormones appear in your blood or urine, which can then help you determine pregnancy.

You are considered pregnant if you have more than 25mIU/mL of hCG hormones in your blood or urine. This level increases as you progress in your pregnancy. You will get a negative pregnancy result if you have less than 2 mIU/mL hCG in your body.

HCG Injection for Pregnancy

Sometimes, you might have trouble ovulating and releasing mature eggs. This is mainly because your body doesn’t have enough progesterone hormone to stimulate ovulation.

Administering hCG injections in combination with other fertility drugs like FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) can help stimulate the ovaries to grow and produce mature eggs.

This is called the ovulation stimulation process. It can be done in two cases.

  • You have a good ovarian reserve and don’t have any fertility issues. In this case, the hCG injection can be given to stimulate the ovulation process. You can then get pregnant naturally through sexual intercourse.
  • You have a low ovarian reserve and need to undergo fertility treatment. Here, hCG is administered along with FSH to stimulate ovaries to produce more mature eggs. You can then undergo IUI or IVF, as the doctor suggests.

HCG Injection During Pregnancy

If you have low hCG hormones, it means you have low progesterone hormones in your body. Progesterone is an important hormone that is essential to sustain pregnancy.

Progesterone also ensures your fetus develops healthily. Below are some cases when you can consider taking a hCG injection.

  • If you get pregnant with low hCG levels
  • If your hCG levels don’t increase as the pregnancy progresses

Low progesterone levels increase the risks of early miscarriage and other complications. Ensure you test your hCG levels and take an injection before it affects your baby.

When Not to Take hCG?

hCG injection can be helpful for women who have difficulty getting pregnant due to low hCG levels. But this does not mean that it can be helpful for all women.

hCG combined with other drugs can cause an adverse reaction in some women who already have an existing medical condition. It is crucial to discuss with your doctor and understand whether the injection will have any side effects on you.

Some medical conditions that don’t go well with hCG injections are

  • Heart and kidney diseases,
  • Thyroid issues,
  • Tumors,
  • Asthma, and

HCG Injection Side Effects

An hCG injection can help women get pregnant by increasing their hCG levels. But it might also have some side effects. Sometimes, the effects can be minor and disappear within a few days, like

  • Bloating and
  • stomach pain,
  • Swelling and rashes,
  • Headache,
  • Dizziness, etc.

In rare cases, you might experience severe side effects that should be brought to your doctor’s attention. Below are some of them.

  • Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS). OHSS happens when the ovaries react excessively to the fertility drugs and become swollen and very painful.
  • Severe bloating, stomach pain, and pelvic pain.
  • Indigestion, voting, and diarrhea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swollen hands and legs

Early Signs of Pregnancy After hCG Injection

As discussed earlier, an hCG injection helps women ovulate and produce mature eggs. If you time it right and have sexual intercourse during this period, there are high chances of pregnancy.

After fertilization, it might take around a week till implantation and another one or two weeks before you start experiencing pregnancy symptoms.

You will experience the usual pregnancy symptoms, like

  • Missed periods,
  • Fatigue and tiredness,
  • Nausea and vomiting,
  • Frequent urination, etc.

Remember that you might sometimes experience these symptoms due to the hCG hormones in the body and not due to pregnancy. Your urine and blood pregnancy tests will also not show correct results due to the hCG levels in your body. It is best to take an ultrasound scan to confirm pregnancy.

Reasons for Not Becoming Pregnant After hCG Injection

Though hCG injections help most women get pregnant by promoting ovulation, this does not work for all of them. Here are some reasons why hCG injections might not work for you.

1. High levels of androgen (male hormone) in the body

High androgen levels are one of the major causes of anovulatory issues. If you have high androgens, even if hCG helps you ovulate, the egg may not be fertilized and implanted in the uterus successfully.

2. Not administering sufficient hCG hormones

Your body needs around 5,000–10,000 units of hCG to raise progesterone hormones enough for ovulation, fertilization, and implantation. It might not happen if you were administered lesser amounts of hCG.

3. You have other fertility issues

An hCG injection works best for women with good ovarian reserve and no unexplained infertility issues. But, if you have other fertility issues like low ovarian reserve, PCOS, uterine or endometrial issues, or blocked fallopian tubes, hCG injections may not be enough to get pregnant.

You might need to discuss with your doctor and explore other fertility treatment options to get pregnant.


hCG injections are an effective method to induce ovulation and get pregnant. It also helps prevent miscarriages in pregnant women with low hCG levels. Visit your doctor and test your hCG levels if you are trying to conceive or are already pregnant. This can help prevent future complications.

In case hCG injections don’t help you get pregnant, you can always choose to undergo fertility treatments like IUI, IVF, etc. Just know that hCG is not the end of the road, and several options exist to help you become pregnant.


Yes, once the embryo is implanted in the uterus, your body starts producing high levels of hCG hormones. They are responsible for the early pregnancy symptoms you experience, like nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, mood swings, etc.

hCG injections stimulate the ovaries to produce mature eggs. Sometimes, more than one egg might get fertilized and cause twins, triplets, or sometimes quadruplets.

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Progesterone level for embryo transfer

Progesterone level for embryo transfer

If there is one hormone that plays the most important role in your pregnancy, it is progesterone. Progesterone is a female reproductive hormone that helps women conceive and aid in the baby’s development till childbirth. 

If you wish to undergo IVF, your fertility doctor will definitely check your progesterone levels. You will also be administered several hormonal injections along with progesterone to increase your pregnancy success rate. 

So, why is progesterone so important in IVF pregnancy? What are the factors that can influence your progesterone levels? Let’s learn about all this in this article. 

Importance Of Progesterone Level For Embryo Transfer

Progesterone plays a significant role in embryo implantation and the healthy development of the baby, whether it is a natural pregnancy or IVF pregnancy. Below are some of the reasons why progesterone is important during your embryo transfer.

Progesterone helps thicken the endometrial lining

Your endometrial lining is one of the most common factors that determine the success or failure of your pregnancy. It is also one of the most common infertility issues.

During IVF, your doctor will give you progesterone medications. These medications will thicken your endometrium and prepare it for embryo implantation.

If the lining is not thick enough, the embryo won’t be able to implant properly, leading to IVF failure which can be identified by some of the symptoms. So, progesterone is important for embryo implantation and pregnancy.

Progesterone helps improve blood flow to the uterus

Progesterone can help relax blood vessels, thus improving blood flow to your reproductive organs. A good blood flow can help grow the uterine lining and can also provide the implanted embryo with the nutrients it needs to grow healthily.

As you can see, progesterone is required for both a successful embryo transfer and a successful pregnancy. The average progesterone level needed for pregnancy differs for each woman based on their condition.

Your fertility doctor will assess your condition and determine the dosage and duration of your fertility medications.

Factors That Can Influence Progesterone Levels

Progesterone is a hormone that is naturally produced by your body every month. During each menstrual cycle, your body will produce progesterone to prepare the endometrial lining for implantation.

If fertilization happens, your body will continue producing the hormone and support pregnancy. If there is no fertilization, the egg, and the endometrial tissue will be expelled during your periods. Your progesterone levels will also decrease.

Aside from the menstrual cycle, below are some other factors that can influence your progesterone levels and affect pregnancy.

Certain medical condition

Certain medical conditions like PCOS, ovarian dysfunctions, hormonal imbalance, tumors, etc., can affect progesterone secretion and affect menstrual cycle and fertility. 

Unhealthy lifestyle

Consuming unhealthy foods, smoking, drinking, and leading a sedentary lifestyle can affect your hormone levels and disrupt progesterone secretion.

Certain medications

Birth control pills, rings, patches, etc., are used to either prevent a pregnancy or to stimulate menstruation. All these can affect progesterone pregnancy and affect pregnancy chances.

Need For Consulting Your Doctor

Insufficient progesterone can severely affect your chances of success in your IVF treatments. It is necessary to check for progesterone and other hormone levels in your body before starting your IVF treatments.

If there are issues with your hormone levels, discuss this issue with your doctor and understand what you can do to improve the situation. Remember, your doctor knows your body best and can give you effective medications to improve your condition.


Progesterone is an essential hormone that plays a significant role in embryo implantation and a successful pregnancy. If you have any concerns regarding your hormone levels or other issues, don’t hesitate to contact your fertility doctor for clarification.

Your doctor and other staff in the fertility hospital will stay with you till the end and help you overcome your issue and get pregnant.


There is no definite progesterone level one should have for embryo transfer. The level varies for each woman. The average progesterone level a woman might need for a successful pregnancy is about 22–31 ng/ml

You need an average progesterone hormone level of 22–31 ng/ml to successful implant the embryo and get pregnant. However, this is just an average amount and the progesterone you might need differs according to your specific body condition.

During IVF, your doctor will give you progesterone medications. These medications will thicken your endometrium and prepare it for embryo implantation.

If the lining is not thick enough, the embryo won’t be able to implant properly, leading to IVF failure. So, progesterone is important for embryo implantation and pregnancy.

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foods to increase endometrial thickness

Foods To Increase Endometrial Thickness

The thickness of your endometrium is one of the crucial factors that determine the success of your pregnancy, whether it is a natural pregnancy or through fertility treatments. 

Your endometrium ensures the embryo can implant safely into the uterine lining and develop healthily till childbirth. So, it is important to ensure you have a thick enough endometrium to ensure a successful pregnancy. 

In this article, we will look at some foods you can take to increase your endometrial thickness and ensure a healthy pregnancy. 

How To Increase Endometrial Thickness By Food?

As you can see, the thickness of your endometrium is very important during pregnancy. There are medications that you can take to increase your endometrial thickness.

However, if you wish to opt for natural alternatives to increase your endometrial thickness, here are some foods you can take for that.

Healthy Fats

Healthy fats, especially polyunsaturated fats, regulate hormones like estrogen and progesterone, both of which are important for endometrial growth during your menstrual cycles.

They also have anti-inflammatory properties and promote blood flow to your reproductive organs, thus increasing endometrial thickness.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are also known for their anti-inflammatory properties. Foods like salmon, sardines, mackerel, walnuts, flaxseeds, etc., are rich in omega-3 fatty acids that can promote blood flow to your body and stimulate healthy endometrial growth.

Iron-Rich Foods

Iron is a key component in the cellular process (cell division and growth) and the key component of hemoglobin, the protein that helps transfer oxygen to all body parts.

Though they do not directly impact endometrial thickness, the oxygen supply and cell growth can stimulate endometrial tissues to develop healthily. Foods like leafy vegetables, lean meats, beans, lentils, etc., are rich sources of iron that you can add to your diet.

Fruits And Vegetables

Fresh fruits and vegetables are always a good choice for maintaining a healthy body. For endometrial thickness, fruits high in L-citruline and L-arginine have been shown to give better results. 

These nutrients can convert into nitric oxide that can expand the blood vessels and improve blood flow to your reproductive organs, thus improving endometrial thickness. 

You can also add fruits and vegetables rich in iron, folate, fiber, and other nutrients. Some fruits and vegetables you can take are oranges, pomegranate, lemons, watermelon, and leafy greens like spinach and broccoli.

Whole Grains

Whole grains are rich in several essential nutrients, such as vitamin B, fiber, and magnesium. These nutrients help promote hormonal balance and blood circulation to the uterus.

Dairy Products

Consuming dairy products low in fat has been said to have some benefits to your endometrium. Dairy has a lot of calcium and vitamin D.

Calcium can improve bone health and stimulate cell growth, while Vitamin D has anti-inflammatory properties and creates a favorable environment for endometrial growth.


As you already know, proteins are the building blocks of your body, help tissues grow, and support hormone production. It is best to add plant-based protein to your diet, as animal proteins have the chance of containing saturated fats. 

Some examples of plant-based proteins are legumes, spinach, tofu, lentils, etc. these proteins can help grow endometrial tissues and maintain your reproductive health. 

Herbal Teas

Herbal teas have been mentioned by some people to improbe endometrial thickness. However, there is little scientific evidence to prove it. Always consult your fertility doctor before you are going to take any external supplements other than the ones your doctor prescribed.

What Is A Good Endometrial Thickness For IVF?

On average, an endometrial thickness of 7–12 mm is considered to be optimum for successful embryo implantation and IVF pregnancy. Here is the average thickness of a thin, average, and thick endometrium. 

Thin endometrium: If the endometrial thickness is less than 7 mm, it is a thin endometrium. The chances of pregnancy are very low with this thickness.

Optimal thickness: An endometrial thickness of 7–12 mm is considered good for implantation and pregnancy. 

Too thick endometrium: Having a too thick endometrium is also not good for pregnancy. An endometrium thicker than 12 mm can create an unfavorable environment for the embryo’s growth and development.


Whether you are trying to get pregnant naturally or you are undergoing IVF to get pregnant, know that your endometrial thickness is crucial for implantation and the pregnancy to last till childbirth.

Your fertility doctor will always check for your endometrial thickness if you are visiting them for IVF treatments. If you have a thin endometrium, listen and follow their instructions to bring your endometrium to optimal thickness.


There is no way to improve your endometrial thickness in a short time as 2 days. Endometrial growth is a gradual process and might take some 2 or 3 weeks to develop fully.

Here are some tips you can follow to increase your endometrial thickness naturally.

  • Follow a healthy diet with nutritious foods. 
  • Incorporate fresh fruits and vegetables into your diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Follow a healthy lifestyle

Walking does not have a direct impact on your endometrial thickness. However, physical activity can help improve blood flow and indirectly help with your endometrial thickness.

Foods To Increase Endometrial Thickness Read More »

how to increase endometrial thickness for ivf

How To Increase Endometrial Thickness For IVF?

Have you been trying but failing to achieve a healthy pregnancy? And is your doctor saying this is caused by a thin endometrium? Then this article is for you. 

The endometrial thickness is a crucial factor in determining whether you can have a successful pregnancy. Your endometrium needs to be thick enough to cushion the embryo into its tissues and support its growth. 

In this article, we will discuss all you can do to ensure you have a thick endometrium while undergoing your IVF treatments. So, if your infertility issue is a thin endometrium, get ready. You are about to learn some interesting ways to tackle this issue. 

How To Increase Endometrial Thickness For IVF?

As you must already know, a thick endometrium ensures a successful pregnancy. Here are some methods you can follow to improve your endometrial thickness and increase its receptivity to the incoming embryo after embryo transfer.

Medical interventions

Suppose your doctor identifies a thin endometrium. In that case, he will suggest estrogen and progesterone supplements (oral pills, vaginal suppositories, or patches) to improve the condition and thicken your endometrium. 

During your menstrual cycle, estrogen and progesterone are the key players in thickening your endometrium for embryo implantation. If your body does not naturally produce the hormones, you can take supplements to support endometrial growth. 

Dietary changes

A healthy diet containing all the essential nutrients is crucial for a safe and healthy IVF pregnancy, whether you have a thin endometrium or not. Focus on maintaining a healthy diet and ensure you include lots of fiber, folate, L-citrulline, L-arginine, etc. 

Some foods you can eat for a thick endometrium are

  • Fresh fruits and vegetables (oranges, watermelon, lemons, pomegranate, leafy greens like spinach, broccoli, etc.)
  • Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids (salmon, mackerel, sardines, walnuts, flaxseeds, etc.)
  • Whole grains
  • Lean proteins
  • Avocados 
  • Nuts & seeds

Lifestyle changes

It is not just your endometrial thickness; an unhealthy lifestyle can affect your overall reproductive health by disrupting your hormone balance. So avoid harmful habits like smoking, alcohol, drugs, and eating fried or processed foods for a few months before and after your IVF treatments

Incorporate these healthy lifestyle modifications for better endometrium and reproductive health.

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat healthy foods rich in essential nutrients
  • Manage stress
  • Maintain a proper sleep schedule
  • Exercise regularly

What Is The Endometrium And Its Role In Pregnancy?

So, we have been talking about endometrial thickness and how it is important for pregnancy. But do you know what an endometrium is and what role it plays in pregnancy? Let’s find out.

The endometrium is the inner lining of the uterus. It is also called the uterine lining. During every menstrual cycle, your uterus will grow the endometrial lining.

If fertilization happens, the egg will implant into the lining to then grow into a healthy baby. If fertilization does not happen, the endometrial tissue along with the unfertilized egg, will be expelled during your periods.

If fertilization does happen, the fertilized egg will reach the uterus and implant into the endometrial lining. The endometrium needs to be thick enough so that it can serve as a cushion when the embryo buries deep into the lining.

The embryo also receives nutrition from the blood vessels in the endometrium. This makes having a thick enough endometrium a crucial factor in determining whether you can get pregnant and carry that pregnancy until childbirth.

What Is A Good Endometrial Thickness For IVF?

Generally, for IVF, fertility doctors consider an endometrial thickness of 7–12 mm to be optimum for successful embryo implantation and pregnancy. Below is a breakdown of what is considered the low, average, and maximum endometrial thickness. 

Thin endometrium: An endometrial thickness of less than 7 mm is considered a thin endometrium. The chances of pregnancy are very low at this stage.

Optimal thickness: An endometrial thickness of 7–12 mm is considered a good thickness for embryo implantation and pregnancy. 

Too thick endometrium: An endometrium over 12 mm thick can provide an unfavorable environment for the embryo to develop and grow healthily.


Remember, your endometrial thickness will differ based on several factors like your age, health, fertility conditions, etc.

So, discuss your optimum endometrial thickness with your fertility doctor, take measures to reach it, and then start your IVF treatments. This can ensure you have a higher chance of success in your IVF pregnancy.


Blood circulation is important to thicken your endometrial lining. So, yes, though walking won’t directly affect the endometrial lining, it can help thicken it by improving blood flow to the reproductive organs.

There is no way for you to increase endometrial thickness in 2 days naturally. It is a gradual process. Focus on a healthy diet and follow the measures your doctor recommends you to. This can help thicken your endometrium as days go by.

With the proper medication and lifestyle modifications, your endometrium can thicken gradually at a pace of 1–2 mm per week. If the conditions are better, your endometrium can reach optimum thickness in about three weeks. 

How To Increase Endometrial Thickness For IVF? Read More »

period after hysteroscopy

Period After Hysteroscopy

Have you recently undergone a hysteroscopy procedure? Then, one of the most common questions you might have is, “When will I have my period after hysteroscopy?”

Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed to diagnose and treat any abnormalities in the inner lining of your reproductive organs. It is a fairly simple procedure; however, you might be worried about whether it may affect your menstrual cycles.

So, in this article, we will look into this topic in depth and clear the air regarding the procedure’s effects on hysteroscopy.

Timing Of Period After Hysteroscopy

In general, a hysteroscopy has not been found to disrupt your regular menstrual cycle. The time when you will get your period after a hysteroscopy depends on which stage of the menstrual cycle you underwent the procedure.

If you did a hysteroscopy two weeks after your menstrual cycle, you might get your period 2 to 3 weeks after the procedure. If you did the procedure when you were nearing your scheduled menstrual date, you might get your period early. It all depends on how far along you are on your menstrual cycle.

Also, if you underwent a hysteroscopy to remove polyps or adhesions, you might experience some bleeding for a few days. This is not your menstrual blood but post-procedure blood. So, don’t worry about it.

Changes In Menstrual Flow

Sometimes, though there won’t be many changes in your menstrual cycle, there might be some changes in your period flow. Most women who have undergone hysteroscopy before have noted that they experienced changes in the flow of their period. 

Some had light periods, while some had heavy periods for the first month. They have also noted that their periods became normal from the second month. This is normal after a hysteroscopy. 

Note: If you experience irregular periods or heavy or light bleeding for consecutive months, consult your doctor immediately. 

Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle After Hysteroscopy

Though your menstrual cycle won’t be affected as much after a hysteroscopy procedure, there are still chances your menstrual cycle can be affected by certain factors that can cause a delayed, heavier, or lighter period. 

Hormonal Changes

The procedure can cause temporary hormonal fluctuations that can affect the rhythm of your menstrual cycle.


As you know, stress is one of the major factors affecting your menstrual cycle. During the procedure, you most probably will not be under sedation (unless it is a serious procedure). 

This can put physical and mental stress on your body, which can alter your menstrual cycle. 


Age does not directly impact your menstrual cycle after a hysteroscopy. It might be attributed to the fact that with age, your healing speed decreases, making you take more time to heal the wounds caused by the procedure. This can inadvertently affect when you will get your menstrual cycle.

Managing Menstrual Symptoms

The first period after your hysteroscopy procedure might be a little painful. However, here are some methods you can follow to relieve yourself of menstrual pain and other symptoms.

Pain Relief

You can always visit your nearest medical store and buy over-the-counter painkillers to relieve menstrual pain. However, it is best to consult your doctor before taking any medication. 

Comfort Measures

While menstrual cramps are generally a common and manageable part of many women’s monthly cycles, some might wonder if these cramps can cause infertilityA warm compress, drinking hot water, and other home remedies can help you relieve menstrual cramps and other symptoms.

Hydration And Diet

A healthy body ensures a quicker recovery. To recover quickly from menstrual symptoms, eat a healthy diet and stay hydrated.

When To Seek Medical Advice

It is important to seek medical advice if you encounter any of the following symptoms.

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Fever or night chills
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Digestive issues


Worry not. Your hysteroscopy procedure does not have much effect on your menstrual cycle or when you will get your period. It all depends on which stage of your menstrual cycle you underwent the procedure.

However, if you feel like your period is delayed or you are experiencing an irregular menstrual flow, it is best to consult your fertility doctor and get it checked. Additionally, if you are undergoing fertility treatments such as hysteroscopy IVF, discussing any concerns with your doctor is crucial to ensure the best possible outcome.

Frequently asked questions

No, a hysteroscopy does not affect your period. However, you might experience certain changes in your menstrual cycle during the first month. This is normal and nothing to worry about.

In general, a hysteroscopy has not been found to disrupt your regular menstrual cycle. The time when you will get your period after a hysteroscopy depends on which stage of the menstrual cycle you underwent the procedure.

It might take about 1 to 2 weeks for your uterus to heal after a hysteroscopy. You will be advised to avoid certain activities like intercourse, douching, or inserting anything into the uterus that can affect its healing process.

Hysteroscopy does not affect your menstrual flow that much. However, it is quite normal for you to experience slightly heavier or lighter bleeding than normal after your hysteroscopy procedure.

Period After Hysteroscopy Read More »

Difference Between Laparoscopy And Hysteroscopy

Difference Between Laparoscopy And Hysteroscopy

Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are two of the most common treatment procedures that you might have to undergo if you have any infertility problems.

If your doctor diagnoses any structural abnormalities in your reproductive system that cause infertility, they will suggest one of these surgeries to treat it.

In this article, we will look into the differences and overview of these two procedures, along with their benefits and risks. This can help you get a clear idea of what these procedures are and help you prepare better for them.

What Are The Differences Between Laparoscopy And Hysteroscopy?

Both these surgeries are similar in the way that they can help you diagnose and treat your infertility issues.

Below are some of the most common differences between laparoscopy and hysteroscopy.

Laparoscopy Hysteroscopy
Performed to view the exterior of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, & ovaries.
Performed to view the interior of the uterine cavity, fallopian tubes, cervix, and ovaries.
Small incisions are made on the abdomen to insert the laparoscope inside.
No incisions are required. It is a transvaginal procedure, more like a pap smear.
Performed to diagnose and treat any abnormalities in the exterior of the reproductive organs.
Performed to diagnose and treat abnormalities in the interior structures of the reproductive system.
Helps diagnose and treat conditions like uterine fibroids, endometriosis, blocked fallopian tubes, ectopic pregnancies, etc.
Helps diagnose and treat conditions like polyps, scarring, fibroids, abnormal uterine bleeding, congenital malformations, etc.
Minor surgeries can be done as an outpatient procedure. Major surgeries might need hospitalization for a few days.
It is often done as an outpatient procedure.
Carbon dioxide gas is pumped into your abdomen to better view and access the insides.
A saline liquid or CO2 gas is let into the uterine cavity to expand it and better view the insides.

Laparoscopy Procedure: How Is It Performed?

A laparoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure where your surgeon makes small incisions in your belly to operate on your body. 

A thin, long tube with a camera is inserted into one incision. Surgical instruments are inserted into other incisions. With the camera as a guide, your surgeon will conduct the laparoscopic surgery. 

Some surgeries that can be conducted laparoscopically are

  • Appendectomy
  • Cholecystectomy 
  • Hysterectomy 
  • Myomectomy
  • Cystectomy 
  • Oophorectomy 
  • Salpingostomy and salpingectomy 
  • Herniorrhaphy

Hysteroscopy Procedure: How Is It Performed?

A hysteroscopy is majorly used to identify any issues with the internal structure of your reproductive system. Here, your doctor will insert a hysteroscope into your vagina.

A liquid or gas will be emitted through the hysteroscope to expand the uterus. This will give a better view of your internal system. Your surgeon will then view and diagnose any issues with your internal system. Hysteroscopy can also be used to treat the issue. 

Some issues that can be diagnosed and treated through hysteroscopy are

  • Repeated miscarriages
  • Blocked fallopian tubes 
  • Irregular menstrual bleeding
  • Removal of intrauterine adhesions, septate uterus, etc
  • Myomectomy, polypectomy, etc.

Benefits Of Laparoscopic Surgery & Hysteroscopy Surgery

Both laparoscopy and hysteroscopy have their own merits. We need to understand which procedure will help us treat our condition better to choose which one to undergo. 

Below are some of the major benefits of laparoscopy and hysteroscopy.

Laparoscopy Hysteroscopy
A minimally invasive surgery that requires smaller incisions than most other open surgeries
Requires no incisions at all
Helps treat issues related to the abdominal or pelvic regions
Help treat issues related to the interior of your reproductive organs
Requires local anesthesia
Most times, the procedure can be done without anesthesia
Blood loss is often minimal in this procedure
Little to no blood loss in this procedure
Causes minimal pain, and the recovery is quick
Mostly, it only causes discomfort and very little pain. Recovery is very quick
Scarring is minimal due to small incisions
No incisions are made. So there will be no scarring
No need to be hospitalized unless it is a major surgery
Most times, it is done as an outpatient procedure. No need for hospitalization.

What Are The Risks Of Laparoscopy And Hysteroscopy?

Although both laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are good procedures and less complicated than most other procedures, there are certain risks associated with them. These risks are not for all women and will depend on each person’s body and health conditions.

Laparoscopy Hysteroscopy
Discomfort in the peritoneal cavity after surgery
Discomfort in the uterine cavity after surgery
Risks of blood loss and scarring
Possible scarring or wounding of the vaginal tract
Possible injury to the abdominal wall during surgery
Possible injury to the uterine wall during surgery
Discomfort due to enlarged belly during surgery
Discomfort due to the saline liquid or CO2 gas injected into the uterine cavity

Most of these risks are minimal and will disappear in a few days. If you have any long-term issues, immediately visit your surgeon. 


Both laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are excellent procedures that can help you diagnose your issues and treat them accordingly. Both these procedures are safe and effective in helping you overcome your infertility issues.

If you have any doubts regarding which procedure you should undergo for your specific ailment, consult your fertility doctor immediately. They can help you identify your issue and use the appropriate surgical method to overcome it.

Frequently asked questions

Both surgeries are effective procedures and can help you treat different kinds of ailments. To know which procedure will best suit your condition, consult a surgeon.

Both these surgeries are usually done separately. However, if any issue is found during one surgery that can be treated by the other surgical method, both surgeries can be done simultaneously to treat the problem.

In cases where you have any infertility or uterine problems like abnormal uterine bleeding, pelvic pain, repeated miscarriages, etc., your fertility doctor will recommend a hysteroscopy to diagnose the issue.

Difference Between Laparoscopy And Hysteroscopy Read More »

is test tube baby procedure painful

Is test tube baby procedure painful

Test tube baby procedure or in vitro fertilization (IVF) process is a boon to many infertile couples around the world.

As with any medical procedure pain is also one of the possibilities of the IVF process. Yet pain is also a subjective experience for anyone undergoing IVF. For some injections scare the most and for some the medications do.

Instead of calling the test tube baby procedure painful, you can call it discomforting at times if speaking subjectively.

Pain During Test Tube Baby Procedure

With the sweet hope of having a baby at hand, many mothers consider the discomfort associated with IVF to be insignificant.

However, even when the pain of the IVF process is subjective it is essential to be aware of the discomfort associated with the process to manage the sensations better while undergoing the process.


Pain During Ovarian Stimulation Stage

During the ovarian stimulation phase, hormonal injections are prescribed to be administered almost every day until the period of ovulation.

These hormonal injections can be self-administered and cause a slight pinch-like sensation. If you are afraid of needles, you may feel hesitant toward these hormone shots.

Other than that, you will encounter hormonal fluctuations because of the hormone shots. Hormone level changes do not cause pain directly. They may cause some mild side effects such as bloating or nausea which can be countered through doctors’ help.

Pain During the Egg Retrieval Stage

While the eggs are retrieved you will be sedated mostly intravenously. You will not feel much pain during the retrieval process.

Mild cramping may accompany after the eggs are retrieved. These cramps are manageable with some rest or other relaxing techniques.

Pain During Embryo Transfer Stage

You do not have to worry about the embryo stage at all. The embryos are placed in the uterine cavity with no incisions required.

A small catheter is let into the uterus through the cervix of the vagina to transfer the embryos.

This stage may be followed by mild cramping and a little rest will heal the discomfort.

Emotional Pain Matters As Well

While talking about pain associated with test tube baby procedures both physical and mental pain have to be talked about. Mental or emotional pain matters as much as physical pain. Half of the battle is won in the mind while choosing to undergo the IVF process.

You choose to undergo IVF while knowing all the possibilities of pain present through and at the end of the process. You may or may not have a baby at the end of the process. But the hope of a baby that IVF promises sure outweighs all the pain, both physical and mental you can undergo.


You need all possible support when you undergo IVF.

First, you need yourself to support you, then your partner, family, friends, and above all your fertility specialist. You can always communicate to your fertility doctor about the fear of the pain you anticipate during the process.

Remember the result of a baby in your arms and your pains will be more than bearable.

Stay strong. IVF has got hope!

Why Choose Me?

You are not alone if you are frightened of taking up the test tube baby procedure. Many women raise this concern as much as they are passionate about having a baby through any means. As IVF Doctor I can understand this case of worry too well and we ensure that our patients get all kinds of required emotional support as they undergo their IVF journey.

We make sure that our patients feel comfortable in expressing their fears and anxiety as they embark on the IVF journey, and educate them regarding what the journey will hold and how we will help them through the phases of the journey.

Prioritizing the concerns of our patients has been a part and parcel of our service for decades and we are testaments for ministering unto thousands of couples facing the trouble of infertility and turning their dream of having a baby on their own into a reality.

Experience a safe, supportive, and healthy IVF journey with us.


You have to prepare both your body and mind for the IVF process. Eat fertility-enhancing foods, get proper sleep, stay hydrated, and abstain from alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine-based products. Also, surround yourself with positive vibes to stay away from stress.

You can continue with your normal activities after IVF. You need not take complete bed rest. But do not involve yourself in strenuous activities.


You will be asked to take medications if required upon consultation with your fertility specialist. Medications such as progesterone are prescribed after embryo transfer to ensure the implantation of the embryo.

Is test tube baby procedure painful Read More »

Is Unwanted 72 Harmful For Future Pregnancy

Unwanted 72 side Effects in Future Pregnancy

Women and men alike have many contraceptive options to use when they don’t want to have a baby. Unwanted 72 is one such contraceptive that can be a great option for women who have unprotected sex and do not want to get pregnant.

The main concern most women have regarding this pill is whether it will cause infertility and affect future pregnancies. In this article, we’ll look into what the pill is, how it works, and if it has any effects on your fertility.

Is Unwanted 72 Harmful for Future Pregnancy

Unwanted 72 is an emergency contraceptive that doesn’t affect long-term fertility. It’s safe for occasional use but shouldn’t replace regular contraception.

Does it Affect Fertility?

No, taking Unwanted 72 does not affect your fertility or your ability to get pregnant in the future. The pill only delays ovulation and prevents fertilization. You can start getting your period as usual and can try for pregnancy once you stop taking the pill.

However, this pill is not suitable to take on a regular basis as it can cause some other minor side effects like headache, cramps, nausea, breast tenderness, etc.

When Will Your Periods Come After Taking Unwanted 72?

This might be your most important question if you are taking Unwanted 72 pills to prevent pregnancy. When will I have my period after taking the pills?

You will generally have your period around 1 week after taking the pill. The day might vary by one or two days if you take the pill when you are closer to the date you regularly get your periods.

The pill can sometimes affect your hormonal balance, disrupt your natural menstrual cycle, and cause delays in periods. If your period is delayed by a long period, take a pregnancy test or consult a doctor to check for any complications.

Uses and Benefits of Unwanted 72 Pill

An Unwanted 72 pill is usually recommended when you need an emergency contraceptive after unprotected sexual intercourse. Below are some uses and benefits you can get from using it.

1. It is convenient

It is a convenient and affordable option for people who have unprotected sex and need to prevent chances of pregnancy.

2. It has lower risks

Unwanted reduces the risks of unwanted pregnancies and is more effective than some other contraceptives.

3. Timely aid

When taken during the right time (within 24–72 hours of intercourse), Unwanted 72 can provide you with timely aid and help prevent pregnancy.

Infertility Due to Birth Control Pills

This is one of the main concerns most women have when they take birth control pills. They fear whether these pills will affect their fertility in the future.

To put it in simple words, NO. Birth control pills do not cause infertility. They are only responsible for delaying ovulation and thickening cervical mucus to prevent the sperm from reaching the egg for fertilization.

The effects of the pill usually leave the body within a couple of days or weeks after taking them. Your body will return to normal, and you can try for pregnancy once you get your period.

Studies have proven that women who take birth control pills have as much chance of getting pregnant as women who have never taken the pill once they stop taking them.

So, if you can’t get pregnant after discontinuing birth control pills, it might be because you have other underlying issues. In such cases, consulting a fertility doctor can be helpful. They can assess your individual situation and why you might not be getting pregnant yet.

What is the Purpose of an Unwanted 72 pill?

Also called “the morning-after pill,” the unwanted 72 is a contraceptive pill that helps prevent pregnancy when you have unprotected sex or your contraceptive fails. It is a single-dose pill that contains Levonorgestrel, a synthetic progestin hormone that helps inhibit Ovulation or fertilization.

You should take this pill within 24–72 hours (1–3 days) of unprotected sex to take effect and prevent pregnancy. The sooner you take it, the better it will prevent pregnancy.


As a whole, Unwanted 72 pills are not harmful to your body and can be taken to prevent pregnancy. However, each woman’s body is different, and you might be more sensitive to the pill than other women. It is best to consult a healthcare professional before taking these contraceptive pills.


No, birth control pills do not affect your fertility or your ability to get pregnant in the future. These pills delay ovulation and prevent the sperm from fertilizing the egg. Its effects leave the body about two weeks after taking the pill. You can try for pregnancy after that.

Some women may experience nausea, vomiting, lower stomach pain, fatigue, headache, diarrhea, dizziness, and uterine bleeding. The majority of Unwanted-72 Tablet’s effects fade over time. However, if the side effects persist, consult your doctor.

Unwanted 72 is a single-dose pill and will work if you take it once. However, if you suspect the pill did not work, you can take it again 12 hours after the first dose. Consult a doctor before taking it the second time to avoid any complications.

Any woman or girl of reproductive age may require emergency contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancies. There are no absolute medical reasons to avoid using emergency contraception. There are no age restrictions for using an Unwanted 72 pill.

Unwanted 72 side Effects in Future Pregnancy Read More »

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